What is a supercomputer?
A supercomputer is a high-performance computer that was first introduced in the 1960s by Control Data Corporation. Seymour Cray is credited with developing the first supercomputer, which had the capability to perform more computations than traditional general-purpose computers. However, during that time, supercomputers were not widely utilized.
Supercomputers differ from regular household computers in terms of their processing power and the number of operations they can execute in a second. In other words, supercomputers possess superior GPUs and CPUs. The power of a supercomputer is measured in FLOPS, which stands for floating-point operations per second. At present, the most powerful supercomputers can perform at a speed of one hundred quadrillion FLOPS.
In today’s technological advancements, supercomputers play a vital role. One of their notable applications is in weather prediction. Meteorologists rely on supercomputers to process vast amounts of data from around the world, enabling them to provide accurate weather forecasts. Due to the extensive data points used in meteorology, supercomputers are extremely valuable in predicting global weather conditions.
Governments worldwide are investing in the development of supercomputers, as there is a competition to create the best supercomputer. In 2017, China, the United States, and the European Union were competing to create the first-ever computer capable of processing one quintillion FLOPS.
Supercomputers also play a significant role in the development of blockchain-based projects. IBM’s supercomputer, for instance, assists in processing information for the company’s blockchain-based projects.
Due to their remarkable computational power, supercomputers often become targets for hackers. One of the primary reasons hackers attempt to gain control over supercomputers is to mine cryptocurrency. The immense processing power and increased productivity make supercomputers ideal for mining.
Despite the competition for further advancements, supercomputers still have a long way to go. Experts believe that a supercomputer capable of processing one sextillion FLOPS will be necessary for complete weather modeling of the world for two weeks. However, such technology does not currently exist. Nevertheless, supercomputers are already an essential part of our digital development.