Spark Protocol Review: Opening A New Lending Era for MakerDAO

Spark Protocol is a lending product arm created by MakerDAO, with the initial iteration, Spark Lend, delivering DeFi loans by obtaining liquidity directly from Maker. In the future, the initiative is anticipated to assist stablecoin DAI in being more extensively adopted in DeFi ecosystems. Let’s learn details about this project with Coincu through this Spark Protocol Review article.
Spark Protocol Review: Opening A New Lending Era for MakerDAO

What is Spark Protocol?

MakerDAO, the pioneering organization behind DAI, the prominent decentralized stablecoin, has introduced the Spark Protocol, an innovative lending platform designed to enhance the capabilities of DAI.

This groundbreaking protocol empowers users with the ability to both borrow and supply a diverse range of assets, including Ether (ETH), stETH, DAI, and the newly introduced savings DAI (sDAI). The platform offers competitive lending rates, amplifying the accessibility and utility of the DAI ecosystem.

Spark Protocol platform is also connected to Maker’s D3M, a technology that allows the Maker ecosystem to engage with third-party lending pools. With an initial interest rate of just 1.11%, the connection between Spark Protocol and Maker’s D3M is designed to enable users to borrow DAI at a more competitive interest rate.

At its core, the Spark Protocol operates as a lending platform on the Ethereum network, facilitating the borrowing and lending of decentralized tokens. Now, the Spark Protocol Review article will explore the highlights of the project.

Spark Protocol was born for what purpose?

Founder Rune Christensen has initiated a visionary transformation for MakerDAO, acknowledging the need to realign the project’s structure to better align with the evolving landscape.

Recognizing that the existing framework might impede MakerDAO’s potential to compete effectively, Christensen proposes a strategic realignment to establish MakerDAO as a formidable contender among leading financial institutions.

The MakerDAO Endgame plan constitutes a multifaceted approach aimed at fortifying governance, expanding the project’s utility, and ensuring its long-term viability. At the heart of this transformation lies the novel concept of MetaDAOs, which divides MakerDAO into smaller, independent entities. Each MetaDAO operates as a self-governing unit, equipped with its distinctive token while remaining interconnected within the overarching MakerDAO ecosystem.

Underscoring MakerDAO’s commitment to collaboration, Phoenix Labs, the driving force behind Spark Protocol, has ingeniously crafted the protocol as a soft fork of Aave V3. This strategic collaboration extends further, as 10% of the protocol’s profits will be channeled to AaveDAO during its initial two years of operation.

The Spark Protocol’s integration with Chainlink’s price feeds, a first for the Maker ecosystem, augments its reliability and accuracy. This alliance with Chainlink as the oracle provider enhances the protocol’s effectiveness in providing real-time pricing data for all pairs except sDAI.

Spark Protocol Review: Opening A New Lending Era for MakerDAO

One of the transformative features of the Spark Protocol is its seamless integration with Maker’s Peg Stability Module (PSM). This integration empowers users to fluidly convert between DAI, sDAI, and USDC, courtesy of the protocol’s integration with Circle’s stablecoin. This integration offers enhanced flexibility, enabling users to easily navigate the DSR ecosystem.

MakerDAO’s recent governance proposals have further solidified its position as a dynamic force within the DeFi realm. These include a proposal streamlining the collateralization process by reducing the necessity for real-world assets and another that efficiently closes the credit vault accessible to Societe Generale subsidiary SG-Forge.

Spark Protocol is an important part of MakerDAO’s Endgame strategy, which intends to turn DAI into a free-floating asset originally collateralized by real-world assets (RWA). According to the proposal, DAI would be tied to the US dollar for three years, during which MakerDAO will gather as much Ethereum (ETH) as feasible in order to increase the ratio of decentralized collateral.

DAI is now the fourth biggest stablecoin, with a circulating supply of $4.7 billion and a 3.6% market share. DAI is therefore the industry’s biggest decentralized stablecoin. Nevertheless, DAI supply has fallen by 53% from its high of approximately $10 billion in February 2022.


Flash Loans

The unveiling of Spark Protocol brings forth a novel financial tool known as Spark Flash Loans. This innovative DeFi product enables users to access loans devoid of collateral requirements, albeit with the commitment to repay the borrowed amount within a singular blockchain transaction. Designed to cater to the advanced needs of adept traders, this feature finds its footing in arbitrage trading, efficient asset liquidation, and more.

Isolation Mode

At the heart of Spark’s dynamic repertoire lies the concept of Isolation Mode. This adaptive mechanism empowers the protocol to introduce an array of assets, predominantly stablecoins, within a segregated framework. Assets designated under this mode enjoy a heightened debt threshold, measured in Loan to Value (LTV), differentiating them from the broader spectrum of offerings.


With its innovative eMode, Spark Protocol beckons users to engage in a capital-efficient paradigm. By strategically aligning collateral and borrowed assets with correlated price dynamics, users can optimize their capital utilization. An illustrative instance is evident in the case of stablecoins like DAI, USDC, and USDT, all falling under the eMode category. Consequently, lending DAI in this mode grants access to borrowing assets like USDC or USDT at elevated Loan to Value rates, enhancing the yield potential.

In a pivotal juncture, Spark Protocol seamlessly interfaces with Maker’s Dynamic Direct Deposit Module (D3M). This connectivity empowers Spark to tap into MakerDAO’s DAI liquidity reserves automatically. The result is an optimized lending ecosystem, where users can avail themselves of DAI loans at reduced interest rates, courtesy of the direct access to DAI liquidity from MakerDAO.

Furthermore, the Spark Protocol strategically integrates with Maker’s Peg Stability Module (PSM). This intricate linkage facilitates the swift 1:1 conversion of DAI and sDAI into USDC directly within the Spark interface. This streamlined approach bolsters user convenience, enabling efficient transitions between the two stablecoins while harnessing the prowess of the Spark ecosystem.

Spark Protocol Review: Opening A New Lending Era for MakerDAO


Spark Lend was Spark Protocol’s primary offering. Spark’s UI is very similar to AAVE’s since it is a branch of AAVE. Spark Lend now supports borrowing and lending of the following assets: ETH, wstETH, wETH, DAI, and sDAI.

Currently, Spark Lend debuts with a formidable roster of supported assets, spanning ETH, wstETH, wETH, DAI, and sDAI. This diverse array of offerings caters to a wide spectrum of user preferences and investment strategies, effectively democratizing access to borrowing and lending within the DeFi sphere.

A standout addition to the Spark ecosystem is the innovative yield-bearing token, sDAI. This ingenious token ushers in a new paradigm of passive income generation, enabling holders of sDAI to effortlessly accumulate interest over time. At a rate of 1%, this interest accrual mechanism operates as a beacon of financial empowerment, embodying Spark’s commitment to fostering growth and value for its users.

The dynamic interest rate associated with sDAI is poised to undergo evolution through the collaborative efforts of Maker Governance. This visionary approach to governance encapsulates the essence of decentralized decision-making, enabling the community to actively participate in shaping the trajectory of sDAI’s interest rate.


Spark Loan Fees

This dynamic fee structure aligns with the fluid nature of the lending landscape, accommodating borrowers’ preferences and market conditions. By offering this duality, Spark empowers users with the ability to tailor their borrowing costs in line with their risk tolerance and prevailing market dynamics.

Flash Loan Fees

For each transaction harnessing the power of a flash loan, Spark levies a fee amounting to 0.09% of the transaction’s value.

Liquidation Fees

This fee comes into play when the borrower’s position exceeds the defined liquidation threshold, ensuring the stability and health of the lending ecosystem.


  • February 2023: The birth of Spark Protocol
  • March 2023: Forging connections with MakerDAO
  • May 2023: Empowering the community

Recognizing the imperatives of scalability and efficiency, Phoenix Labs unveils an ambitious expansion plan for Spark Lend. This forward-looking endeavor involves extending the platform to other Layer 2 solutions, mitigating the challenges posed by high gas fees on Ethereum.

Notably, the protocol remains steadfast in its commitment to directly accessing liquidity from MakerDAO through the innovative D3M mechanism.


Spark Protocol was developed by Phoenix Labs, tasked by MakerDAO to serve as a pivotal Ecosystem Actor within the innovative organizational structure known as the End Game. Phoenix Labs has emerged as a driving force behind the development of the groundbreaking Spark Protocol.

At the core of this synergy lies the strategic vision of MakerDAO’s End Game, a visionary reconfiguration designed to propel the organization to new heights of competitiveness and efficiency. Within this framework, Phoenix Labs takes center stage, orchestrating the development of the Spark Protocol that has captivated the DeFi community.

Investors & Partners


The transformative journey of Spark Protocol is poised to receive a substantial boost, as MakerDAO extends its support through comprehensive funding and an ecosystem development plan.

Central to this collaboration is Spark Protocol’s proactive engagement with Maker Governance, setting forth a compelling proposal that outlines the blueprint for its evolution. The proposal encompasses a multi-faceted funding structure designed to fuel Spark Protocol’s growth and development.

Grants include 50,000 DAI for legal proceedings and development costs, 347,100 DAI for Spark Lend launch and other Spark development activities within a year. Also get an extra 17,000 DAI and 10 MKR monthly for developers.


Chainlink, MakerDAO, Block Analitica, and others were among the first Spark Protocol partners. Spark Protocol’s inclusion of Chainlink’s DAI/USD, ETH/USD, and stETH/USD price feeds follows MakerDAO’s integration of Chainlink Keepers earlier this year to assist assure DAI stability.

Conclusion of Spark Protocol Review

The advent of the Spark Protocol introduces a transformative wave of possibilities for MakerDAO’s DAI lending capabilities. The protocol’s architecture amplifies liquidity, offering users enhanced rates and a yield-bearing version of DAI.

This multipronged approach broadens liquidity options, fostering an environment of choice and empowerment for participants.

In the tapestry of DeFi’s evolution, Spark Protocol weaves a narrative of empowerment, innovation, and user-centric progress. As users and developers converge within this ecosystem, the promise of financial freedom takes tangible form. Hopefully the Spark Protocol Review article has helped you understand more about the project.

DISCLAIMER: The information on this website is provided as general market commentary and does not constitute investment advice. We encourage you to do your own research before investing.

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