Top 5 Best Decentralized Crypto Exchanges In 2024
Absolutely, decentralized exchanges (DEXs) have gained popularity in the crypto world for various reasons. While they can be costlier due to network transaction fees, they offer several advantages that make them a suitable and valuable choice for many traders and investors. Today, Coincu will introduce to you the top 5 best decentralized crypto exchanges.
What is a DEX?
Decentralized exchanges, commonly referred to as DEXs, have emerged as a revolutionary force in the cryptocurrency market. These platforms enable direct peer-to-peer trading without entrusting control of funds to intermediaries or custodians, all thanks to self-executing agreements coded as smart contracts.
Setting them apart from their traditional counterparts, Centralized Exchanges (CEX), DEXs are immune to the monopoly of any single entity or group. This resilience shields them from vulnerabilities to hacking, fraudulent activities, and other malicious incursions. Moreover, DEXs offer heightened privacy and security levels compared to centralized alternatives.
The fundamental raison d’être of DEXs is to eliminate the need for centralized oversight and authorization within specific exchanges. Peer-to-peer trading of cryptocurrencies lies at the heart of these decentralized marketplaces. In P2P trading, buyers and sellers are directly connected, without any intermediary. These exchanges are inherently non-custodial, granting users complete control over their wallet’s private keys and the advanced encryption that unlocks access to their digital assets.
By preserving control of their private keys, users can instantly access their cryptocurrency holdings upon logging into the DEX. This eliminates the requirement to divulge personal information such as names and addresses, which is a boon for those who value their privacy.
How do DEXs work?
Smart Contracts and Decentralized Exchanges
Decentralized exchanges primarily function by harnessing the power of smart contracts. These self-executing contracts, often hosted on blockchain networks like Ethereum, enable the automated execution of trades when specific conditions are met. Essentially, DEXs match orders directly between buyers and sellers without any intermediaries involved.
Order Book DEXs: On-Chain vs. Off-Chain
Order book DEXs, a popular category within the world of decentralized exchanges, can be further divided into on-chain and off-chain variations. On-chain order books store all order information directly on the blockchain. When a trader submits an order, it becomes part of the distributed ledger network and undergoes confirmation by the network.
Off-chain DEXs, on the other hand, utilize peer-to-peer order books for executing trades. These order books contain vital trading data, including price, volume, expiry date, and whether the order is a buy or sell. When a user places an order on the off-chain order book, others can respond by submitting their orders to the DEX. Smart contracts within the DEX then verify the availability of funds and, if met, execute the trade. The idea behind off-chain order book DEXs is to provide the advantages of both decentralized and traditional trading, combining the best of both worlds.
Automated Market Makers (AMMs)
A pivotal development in the world of DEXs is the emergence of Automated Market Makers (AMMs), which rely on smart contracts to address liquidity concerns. This concept draws inspiration from Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin’s paper on decentralized exchanges, which outlines how trades can be executed on the blockchain through token-holding contracts.
In AMM-based DEXs, liquidity is facilitated by blockchain oracles that provide pricing information from various exchanges and platforms. Instead of matching traditional buy and sell orders, these DEXs employ pre-funded pools of assets known as liquidity pools. The smart contracts underpinning these exchanges automatically determine the exchange rate between assets, ensuring that users can always trade their tokens, regardless of order book depth.
Top 5 Best Decentralized Crypto Exchanges
Uniswap stands as the undisputed leader in the world of decentralized exchanges for Ethereum, boasting a total value locked (TVL) exceeding $3.4 billion. With high liquidity and minimal slippage, Uniswap has become the go-to choice for investors seeking to swap Ethereum and ERC-20 tokens. Notably, Uniswap isn’t limited to Ethereum; it supports various other blockchains, including BNB Smart Chain, Arbitrum, Optimism, Polygon, and Celo.
Uniswap offers a straightforward and lucrative opportunity for those interested in becoming liquidity providers. Compared to other platforms, it’s remarkably user-friendly. Liquidity providers on Uniswap receive a portion of the 0.3% fee for trades, proportional to the capital they have contributed to the liquidity pool.
Uniswap users hold the reins as the platform operates under a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) model. This means that the community of Uniswap users actively participates in the governance and decision-making processes, ensuring that the platform evolves in ways that align with their collective vision.
Furthermore, Uniswap introduced its own governance token, UNI. UNI token holders wield the power to vote on protocol developments, as well as engage in the trading of UNI tokens much like any other cryptocurrency. This token gives users a stake in the platform’s direction and allows them to actively shape its future. Uniswap is one of the best decentralized crypto exchanges that any user should try once.
Uniswap’s core feature, the Swap function, enables users to exchange two tokens at the most competitive prices. A 0.3% transaction fee is charged to users in return for this convenience. Currently, Uniswap supports token swaps across eight different blockchains, including Ethereum, BNB Chain, Arbitrum, Optimism, Polygon, Base, Avalanche, and Celo. This multi-chain compatibility widens the scope for users to seamlessly trade assets across various networks.
Uniswap offers a unique feature known as Flash Swap, akin to Aave’s Flash Loan. With Flash Swap, users can withdraw assets from the liquidity pool of any ERC20 token listed on Uniswap without any upfront fees. This innovative feature eliminates the need for substantial capital requirements and mitigates the constraints associated with multi-step transactions.
For DeFi applications, reliable Oracles or on-chain price feeds are essential. Uniswap’s development team has introduced its own Oracle tailored to the protocol. Uniswap V2 has pioneered the creation of decentralized, anti-manipulation on-chain price oracles, a critical component for various DeFi projects, including derivatives, lending, and trading.
Uniswap offers Range Orders, allowing users to place buy/sell orders within predetermined price ranges. When the spot price aligns with the specified range, the protocol automatically executes the order. What sets Range Orders apart is that they generate fees during execution, making them a form of liquidity provision rather than a typical swap.
Token Display Board
The Token Display Board feature empowers users to monitor the performance of top coins and tokens using various indicators such as price changes, total value locked (TVL), and trading volumes across 1-hour, 1-day, 1-week, 1-month, and 1-year timeframes. Users can keep track of leading coins and tokens on multiple blockchains supported by Uniswap.
Uniswap introduces an NFT Aggregator Marketplace where users can trade NFTs listed on other exchanges, including popular platforms like OpenSea, Looksrare, X2Y2, and more. Uniswap’s NFT traders can benefit from a 15% reduction in gas fees compared to other NFT marketplaces.
Liquidity providers (LPs) can contribute to Uniswap’s Liquidity Pool to earn trading fees. LPs have the option to choose from three transaction fee rates – 0.05%, 0.3%, and 1%-when providing liquidity. This flexibility ensures that LPs can tailor their participation according to their preferences.
Curve Finance (CRV) is a decentralized exchange (DEX) and liquidity provider operating on the Ethereum platform, with a unique focus on serving the needs of stablecoin users and Bitcoin pairs.
This DeFi platform distinguishes itself through its AMM mechanism, which facilitates transactions based on a pricing algorithm, diverging from the traditional order book approach. Curve is one of the best decentralized crypto exchanges that generates profits for stablecoin holders.
Curve Finance is a go-to option for users looking to swap between Bitcoin pairs such as renBTC, WBTC, and pBTC, as well as conducting exchanges involving stablecoins like DAI, USDC, USDT, TUSD, BUSD, and sUSD. This specialization in stablecoin trading positions Curve Finance as a top choice for traders seeking efficiency and reliability in these markets.
The core of Curve Finance’s functionality is its AMM mechanism, which operates within the Ethereum ecosystem. This mechanism is uniquely dedicated to stablecoins, such as USDT, USDC, DAI, and similar assets presented in different forms, like renBTC, WBTC, and pBTC. Notably, unlike traditional DEXs that rely on order books, Curve Finance facilitates asset swaps through Liquidity Pools, executed according to a Smart Contract formula driven by the AMM mechanism.
Curve Finance recognizes the significance of reducing price slippage, which often plagues Automated Market Makers (AMMs). Slippage is the disparity between the expected and actual transaction prices. In response, Curve Finance has developed a solution that aims to narrow this gap, ensuring users receive transactions closer to the theoretical price.
Automated Liquidity Pairs
To further simplify the process of providing liquidity, Curve Finance introduces a groundbreaking feature that eliminates the need for users to manually swap tokens. This new functionality automatically creates liquidity pairs using just one token, saving time and effort for liquidity providers.
At the heart of the Lending Pool project is the Liquidity Pool Assets (LPs). Lenders can deposit supported crypto assets into the liquidity pool and, in return, earn interest. This interest rate is dynamically calculated based on supply and demand within the pool.
Borrowers can deposit alternative crypto assets as collateral within the Liquidity Pool and borrow the tokens they require, all while paying interest. The automatic interest rate calculation ensures fairness, taking into account the varying supply and demand for each type of asset in the pool.
Collaboration with Compound
Curve Finance has established a strategic partnership with Compound to create a unique Lending Pool. This collaboration allows users to optimize their profits by leveraging both Curve Finance’s transaction fees and the lending interest provided by Compound. This symbiotic relationship enhances the potential returns for participants in the DeFi ecosystem.
Base and Metapool Features
Curve Finance introduces a feature that empowers users to swap any single token for any other type of token within a single LP token. This simplifies the process of token exchange and liquidity provision, making DeFi more accessible and user-friendly.
1inch made its debut at the ETHGlobal New York hackathon in May 2019, unveiling the Aggregation Protocol v1. Since then, the 1inch Network has expanded its portfolio to include a range of DeFi tools designed to cater to the diverse needs of crypto enthusiasts. These include the Liquidity Protocol, Limit Order Protocol, P2P transactions, and the user-friendly 1inch Mobile Wallet.
1inch provided users with a comprehensive suite of services to enhance their trading experience. As a DEX Aggregator Protocol, 1inch has continually pushed the boundaries, offering liquidity aggregation from multiple sources while minimizing slippage, thanks to their ingenious smart routing solution known as Pathfinder. 1inch is one of the best decentralized crypto exchanges that integrates many useful features for users.
What truly sets 1inch apart is its commitment to cross-network compatibility. Currently deployed on various networks that support the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), including Ethereum, BNB Chain, Polygon, Arbitrum, Optimism, Gnosis Chain, Avalanche, and Fantom, 1inch ensures that users can access their services across a range of blockchains, promoting decentralized finance on a global scale.
The 1inch dApp is a web application that seamlessly connects to various supported blockchains through smart contracts. This platform offers users access to aggregated liquidity and competitive swap rates across a multitude of decentralized exchanges (DEXs). One of its unique features is the ability to find the best swap prices across multiple liquidity sources, providing traders with unparalleled flexibility and choice.
The 1inch Aggregation Protocol, driven by the 1inch API v4, utilizes an advanced discovery and routing algorithm. This innovation enables users to exchange assets at the most favorable rates available in the market. The Pathfinder component of the protocol is tasked with finding the most efficient paths for token swaps, even dividing them between different protocols to ensure optimal results.
Formerly known as Mooniswap, the 1inch Liquidity Protocol is an automated market maker (AMM) that strives to provide capital-efficient liquidity positions. Notably, it focuses on safeguarding users from front-running attacks, a persistent concern in DeFi.
1inch Limit Order
The 1inch Limit Order Protocol is a collection of smart contracts designed to facilitate limit orders and RFQ (Request for Quotation) Orders. These orders are created off-chain as data structures and signed according to the Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP-712) standards. The protocol stands out for its remarkable flexibility and high gas efficiency.
Behind these groundbreaking protocols is the team at 1inch Labs. They are committed to building decentralized software and fostering user-governance through the 1inch DAO, allowing the community to have a say in the direction of the ecosystem.
1inch Peer-to-Peer provides a platform for two users to engage in over-the-counter trading for any ERC20 token, promoting user-to-user interactions and reducing reliance on centralized exchanges.
The 1inch Foundation, a non-profit organization, has issued the 1INCH token to support and develop the 1inch network and initiatives that benefit the wider DeFi community. The foundation plays a pivotal role through grants and other avenues of support.
1inch Mobile Wallet
1inch Wallet, a non-custodial crypto wallet, offers users the best swap rates, ensuring secure management of digital assets. This wallet is accessible on both Android and iOS operating systems, catering to a wide range of users seeking convenient and secure mobile access to DeFi opportunities.
PancakeSwap, initially recognized as one of the first AMM DEX on the Binance Smart Chain (BSC), has grown to become a vital liquidity hub within the BNB Smart Chain ecosystem. This transformation has made it akin to Uniswap, which serves as the liquidity center for the Ethereum network.
Launched in September 2020, PancakeSwap started its journey as an AMM fork of Uniswap V2. Over time, it has proven its mettle by consistently ranking among the top three DEX exchanges with the highest trading volumes, showcasing exceptional operational performance.
PancakeSwap, at its core, is one of the best decentralized crypto exchanges tailored for BSC users, offering the capability to trade BEP-20 tokens, which adhere to the latest token standard introduced by the Binance Smart Chain. Additionally, users have the opportunity to stake their tokens, earning rewards and coins in the process.
One of the standout features of PancakeSwap is its governance model, which allows users to participate in decision-making processes. The weight of an individual’s vote in these decisions is determined by the number of CAKE tokens they hold, incentivizing active participation within the platform.
Operating as an AMM, PancakeSwap facilitates token swaps in a unique manner. Unlike traditional exchanges with order books, PancakeSwap users trade directly with each other by providing liquidity to the platform’s pools, which involves locking their tokens. This approach ensures that trades can be executed quickly and without reliance on order matching.
At PancakeSwap, trading is a breeze. Users can instantly buy and sell BEP-20 tokens with ease. Additionally, the platform allows for limit orders, enabling traders to buy and sell tokens at their desired prices. For those interested in liquidity management, PancakeSwap offers the tools to track and manage your assets effectively.
PancakeSwap offers two exciting ways for users to grow their crypto holdings. First, through the “Farms” feature, users can provide liquidity to the PancakeSwap exchange and receive rewards in CAKE tokens. The more liquidity you offer, the higher the CAKE token price increases, resulting in more substantial rewards.
On the other hand, the “Syrup Pools” feature allows users to stake CAKE tokens and receive free tokens from various projects. It’s a win-win situation as projects promote themselves by distributing a portion of tokens to CAKE holders.
To spice things up, PancakeSwap regularly hosts Trading Competitions where users can participate and stand a chance to win prizes. The value of the prizes depends on the number of participants and the trading volume achieved, whether it’s your individual efforts or those of your team. It adds a competitive edge to the platform’s already exciting offerings.
For those intrigued by the world of non-fungible tokens (NFTs), PancakeSwap offers a dedicated NFT feature. Users can buy and sell their NFT items through the NFT Marketplace, making it an ideal platform for both creators and collectors.
Furthermore, PancakeSwap’s NFT Collection allows users to search for collectibles based on different rarities, making it a treasure trove for NFT enthusiasts. Users can also keep an eye on the NFT activities of other users through the Activity feature, fostering a sense of community within the NFT space.
Sushi began as a fork of Uniswap, a prominent project at the time known for its innovative AMM model. However, Sushi’s identity is not confined to being just another DEX. This article explores the origins of Sushi and the unique features that set it apart.
Sushi’s inception can be traced back to a core desire within the crypto community: the quest for a decentralized protocol controlled and owned by the community itself, rather than being under the control of a specific group of individuals, as was the case with Uniswap. This quest for community-driven governance was a driving force behind SushiSwap’s birth.
While Sushi started as a fork of Uniswap, it quickly evolved to incorporate features and mechanisms that distinguish it in the DeFi landscape.
Sushi, like other prominent DEXs, offers basic features such as the ability to swap tokens, create and manage liquidity pools, and engage in lending protocols. However, what sets Sushi apart is its commitment to innovation and constant evolution. Here, we delve into some of the outstanding features that make Sushi a standout player in the DeFi landscape.
BentoBox: The Central Vault of the Sushi Ecosystem
At the core of Sushi’s innovation is the BentoBox, a revolutionary smart contract that serves as the central vault for the entire Sushi ecosystem. This foundational structure not only provides security and stability but also serves as the base layer for all future financial instruments that Sushi plans to develop. With the BentoBox, Sushi positions itself as a platform ready to embrace and build the DeFi tools of tomorrow.
Trident: A New AMM with a Focus on Capital Efficiency
Sushi unveiled Trident, its very own Automated Market Maker (AMM), in July 2021. Trident is designed to be fully compatible with the BentoBox, offering users a seamless experience within the Sushi ecosystem. What truly distinguishes Trident is its core focus on increasing capital efficiency. It combines the best features from various AMMs into a single platform, offering traders and liquidity providers an advanced and efficient trading environment.
Onsen: The Liquidity Powerhouse
Onsen, a branch of Sushi, is dedicated to providing liquidity. This feature ensures that Sushi remains a robust ecosystem, with ample liquidity available for users to engage in trading and yield farming. The Onsen initiative has been instrumental in the platform’s growth and its ability to attract liquidity providers.
Mirin: Bridging the Gap with CEX Exchanges
Sushi doesn’t stop at DeFi; it also ventures into connecting with centralized exchanges (CEXs). Mirin is a unique feature designed to facilitate this connection, helping Sushi tap into the liquidity offered by CEX exchanges. By bridging the gap between DeFi and CEX, Sushi aims to provide a comprehensive trading experience that caters to a broad range of users.
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